Blueprints for the future: the airports Berlin-Tegel and Berlin Brandenburg by the von Gerkan, Marg and Partners Architects
1914–2014: the period of world history which the 2014 Architecture Biennale revolves around is the century in which the modern world has come about, a technological and globalised world. A central element in this development: the dream of flying has become a reality, for everybody. In 1914 there were no airports, only grass strips for starting and landing, and hangars. Today, one hundred years later, there are complex mega-structures such as the Berlin-Brandenburg Airport (BER), built for millions of visitors.
However, 50 years earlier, pretty much exactly in between ’14 and ’14, an architectural project in Berlin had already come into being which looked at the future then and may still do so today. It is worthwhile travelling back to the year 1965 and telling the tale of the concept and creation of Berlin-Tegel Airport (TXL). The tale’s moral: Remember the – positive! – future-oriented origins of globalized architecture in order to find the right responses to its – often negative! – repercussions.
In 1914 there were aeroplanes but hardly any infrastructure for them.
In 1965, under fortunate conditions, an all but ideal infrastructure was created as a pioneer of globalised architecture.
1914, this ideal was a remote future at best; today it is very remote again.
Yet as a result of the interaction with the past and with TXL, gmp’s first future-oriented airport in Berlin, a new future-oriented piece of architecture is created: BER, gmp’s second airport in Berlin.
Both airports create or preserve their being future-oriented by staying true to plausible design principles in as consistent a manner as they stay true to the users of their very structure: human beings.
A presentation on the occasion of the
14th International Architecture Exhibition
Exhibition from 7 June to 23 November 2014
Riva del Carbon 4793
Wednesday to Monday
from 10.00 to 18.00
Michael Kuhn, Head of Communications
gmp • Architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners
Hanne Banduch and Heidi Knaut
Hanne Banduch and Heidi Knaut
Carolina López (gmp) and Joachim Otte
The history of aviation
Hartwin Busch, Keiki Communications, Claudia Schwarzäugl and Colin Shepherd
ON Grafik Tom Wibberenz with Hendrik Sichler and Amran Salleh
Rodrigo Andaeta Torres
Hans Georg Esch and Oliver Schwabe
TXL Airport in Deutschlandspiegel, 1974
Film editing/processing: Guido Brixner (gmp) and Claudia Tiesler (gmp)
TXL+, Concept for subsequent utilisation of TXL Airport
Stephan Schütz, Clemens Kampermann, Thilo Zehme
Christian Füldner (gmp), Sarah Schöning (gmp), Claudia Tiesler (gmp),
Nicole Schindler (gmp)
Wilking & Tarrach Metallbau, Gerd Plönges, Berlin
Werner Modelle, Christian Werner, Braunschweig
Production of exhibition displays
reproplan Graphics GmbH, Hamburg
Printing of supporting material
DZA, Druckerei zu Altenburg, Altenburg
We would like to thank the Global Art Foundation for its committed support.
Without the support of the members of staff of Architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners, this exhibition would not have been possible.