Vietnam, Hanoi 

Vietnamese National Assembly building in Hanoi


Competition 2007 – 1st prize
Meinhard von Gerkan
Nikolaus Goetze
Associated Partner
Dirk Heller
Project management
Marcus Tanzen
Competition design team
Evelyn Pasdzierny, Alexandra Kühne, Deren Akdeniz
Project management Hanoi
Jörn Ortmann,
Duc Tran Cong, Tuyen Tran Viet
Detailed design team Evelyn
Pasdzierny, Nicole Flores, Christoph Berle, Holger Schmücker,
Alexander Schnieber, Cordula Neben, Urs Wedekind, Meike Schmidt, Martin Friedrich, Nguyen Minh Duc
Ministry of Construction of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
36,000 m²
Construction period



Christian Gahl

gmp Architekten

The new building for the National Assembly creates a bridge between the Vietnamese past and the country’s future. The new building was erected in Hanoi’s historic city center, at the site of the former People’s Building in the area known as the Citadel, opposite the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, and houses the plenary chamber and the representatives' offices.

The tradition of using symbols and emblems, which is deeply anchored in Vietnamese history, has been continued in gmp’s design, and translated into architecture: In Vietnam, the basic shapes of circle and square symbolize heaven and earth. The building volume of the assembly chamber is based on the basic shape of the circle, which is surrounded by an additional square structure. The building places a marker representing the new, emerging Vietnam. Ornaments typical for the country were used in the bronze cladding - in a modern interpretation – thus creating a contemporary reference to the locality.

The square foyer surrounds the plenary chamber and is used for receptions, public speeches and celebrations. Generous openings to the south and west provide access from the direction of the Mausoleum and Bac-Son -Square on the south side. A sequence of planted courtyards has been inserted into the external contour of the square, making the green color – which is deemed to be of special importance in Vietnam – a theme of the architecture.

The materials used on the outside are natural stone of a light beige color, glass, and bronze-colored metal, and on the inside high-quality wood elements. Not only the generously de-signed public access areas and the well-organized circulation give the building complex a special quality of experience but also the way daylight is guided into the interior and the varied sequence of rooms.

The shape of the plenary chamber – resembling a truncated cone – seems to almost float above the angular building, and the translucent jade glass facade can be seen from afar above Old Hanoi’s dense sea of houses. The structure, which on the inside feels like a crystal, provides space for the 493 representatives from all 58 provinces and up to 340 visitors.