Direct commission 2013
Design Volkwin Marg and Hubert Nienhoff with Nikolai Reich
In cooperation with / Russian adaptation ARENA Project Institute, Moscow
Design team Philipp Weber, Veit Lieneweg, Helge Lezius
Structural design for roof and facade schlaich bergermann partner sbp gmbh
Number of tiers 2
Number of seats 45,000
GFA 150,000 m²
Length of stadium 300 meters
Width of stadium 300 meters
Height of stadium (from pitch to roof) 48 meters
Height above surroundings approx. 40 meters
The Volgograd Stadium, which was designed for the 2018 World Cup, lies to the north of the city with over a million inhabitants on the banks of the River Volga where the former central stadium previously stood.
The stadium has been designed in accordance with the conditions applicable to World Cup venues in Russia, which stipulate a capacity of 45,000 spectators and a circular basic shape. On this basis, gmp developed the geometry of the grandstand bowl with rows of seating arranged in parallel to the edge of the pitch, thereby providing all spectators with favorable viewing conditions. In addition, the straightforward geometry lends itself to the use of prefabricated concrete elements in construction and to the efficient organization of the functional areas.
Similar to the design for the Nizhny Novgorod Stadium, the Volgograd Stadium features a concentric sequence consisting of the rectangular pitch, the oval grandstand bowl, and the circular overall shape of the structure. The facade, roof, and bowl have been designed as three independent structural systems. The grandstand areas are roofed over with a lightweight tensile structure with a ring cable.
With its polygonal, seemingly woven texture, the facade creates a symbolic analogy with the Russian art of weaving and braiding. As a self-supporting steel structure, it follows the geometric principle of a hyperbolic paraboloid. The primary rhombic structure is interwoven with secondary spatial bracing members, together creating the unmistakable multilayered appearance of the stadium.
The 2014 design for the stadium was adapted for the detailed design and implementation by a Russian partner practice.